Among the most significant legal victories of the movement after the formation of NOW were a 1967 Executive Order extending full affirmative action rights to women, a 1968 EEOC decision ruling illegal sex-segregated help wanted ads, Title IX and the Women’s Educational Equity Act (1972 and 1974, respectively, …
What was accomplished by the second wave of feminism?
Achievements of the Second Wave
It was the first federal law to address sex discrimination. … In 1974, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) became law; it banned discrimination in access to credit on the basis of sex or marital status and was later amended to include race, religion, national origin, and age.
What did the second wave of feminism advocate?
The slogan, The Personal is Political is used often today at rallies and demonstrations advocating women’s rights. As a whole, the Second Wave can be characterized by a general feeling of solidarity among women fighting for equality. It also saw the creation of several types of feminism.
What strategies were used in the second wave of feminism?
Instead of prioritizing direct action or mass mobilization, different branches of second-wave feminism focused on other forms of social movement activity—namely, lobbying and lawsuits on the part of more mainstream groups, and consciousness-raising on the part of many radicals.
Was Simone de Beauvoir The second wave feminism?
There were prominent feminist thinkers before Friedan who would come to be associated with the second wave — most importantly Simone de Beauvoir, whose Second Sex came out in France in 1949 and in the US in 1953 — but The Feminine Mystique was a phenomenon.
What is 1st 2nd and 3rd wave feminism?
The key difference between first second and third wave feminism is that the first wave feminism was mainly about suffrage, and the second wave feminism was about reproductive rights, whereas the third wave feminism was about female heteronormality. … Meanwhile, the third wave started during the 1990s.
When did 2nd wave feminism start?
The women’s movement of the 1960s and ’70s, the so-called “second wave” of feminism, represented a seemingly abrupt break with the tranquil suburban life pictured in American popular culture.
How did the second wave of feminism affect society?
Second-wave feminism radically transformed medical research and services, sports, education, family life, the professions, law, popular culture, literature and the performing arts, social work, international development thinking, and even religion, and made possible the gay liberation movement.
What did the feminist movement accomplish?
Feminism changed women’s lives and created new worlds of possibilities for education, empowerment, working women, feminist art, and feminist theory. For some, the goals of the feminist movement were simple: let women have freedom, equal opportunity, and control over their lives.
What is 5th wave feminism?
While the first four waves of feminism in the West attempted to work within the system to bring about political and social change, fifth wave feminism aims to destroy our current systems and build a new world that prioritizes the needs of all marginalized people by recognizing that American politicians, regardless of …
When was the 3rd wave of feminism?
The third wave of feminism emerged in the mid-1990s. It was led by so-called Generation Xers who, born in the 1960s and ’70s in the developed world, came of age in a media-saturated and culturally and economically diverse milieu.
Beauvoir held broadly socialist principles, was critical of Stalinist regimes but remained non-partisan throughout her life. Her realisation that she had a privileged class position in comparison to the majority of French women provided the catalyst for her writing of The Second Sex.