In broad terms, the feminization of agriculture refers to women’s increasing participation in the agricultural labor force, whether as independent producers, as unremunerated family workers, or as agricultural wage workers.
What is meant by feminization of agriculture?
In feminist economics, the feminization of agriculture refers to the measurable increase of women’s participation in the agricultural sector, particularly in the developing world. The phenomenon started during the 1960s with increasing shares over time.
What do you understand by feminization of agriculture Class 12?
Feminisation in agriculture means the trend of growing number of momen being employed in agriculture. In some countries it is due to the fact that men leave rural areas to get a better payed job in industry and women take over traditional activities in agriculture.
What causes feminization of agriculture?
Feminization of agriculture is a national or regional phenomenon rooted in gender dynamics at intra-household level where gendered social structures influence individuals’ opportunities (e.g. availability of on or off farm work), choices (e.g. accepting an off-farm job while hiring labour to look after the children) …
What is thiming in agriculture?
Thinning is a term used in agricultural sciences to mean the removal of some plants, or parts of plants, to make room for the growth of others.
What is the feminization of migration?
The feminisation of migration gives rise to specific problematic forms of migration, such as the commercialised migration of women and girls as domestic workers and caregivers, often resulting in the trafficking of women for labour and sexual exploitation.
What is feminization Upsc?
What is feminisation of agriculture sector? The term ‘feminisation of agriculture’ was first seen in the Economic Survey 2017-18. It is used to describe the increased absorption of women workforce in agricultural and allied activities. It points out the disproportionate concentration of women in the agriculture sector.
Why is feminization of poverty important?
Addressing the causes of the feminization of poverty does not only benefit women but also has structural implications. Studies have shown that increasing women’s educational attainment and paid labor force participation rates directly impact economic growth.
What is Green Revolution Class 12 sociology?
• Green revolution was a devolution started in 1960’s and 70’s had a drastic change in the productivity. • Introduced in those areas where there was a possibility of a water source and fertile land.
What is Green Revolution Class 9 Ncert?
The introduction of High Yielding Varieties (HYV) of seeds and the increased use of chemical fertilisers and irrigation are known collectively as Green Revolution. It provided the increase in production needed to make India self-sufficient in foodgrains, thus improved the agricultural sector in India.
What is the meaning of feminization?
In sociology, feminization is the shift in gender roles and sex roles in a society, group, or organization towards a focus upon the feminine. It can also mean the incorporation of women into a group or a profession that was once dominated by men.
What led to the feminization of agriculture labour force?
Agriculture sector employs 80% of all economically active women; they comprise 33% of the agricultural labour force and 48% of self employed farmers. … According to the Economic Survey 2017-18, a rise in migration of men from rural to urban areas has resulted in feminization of agriculture.
What is contract grower?
CONTRACT GROWING. It is a partnership between a farmer who owns an existing poultry farm or wishes to invest in one and a chicken production and processing company like Bounty. The contract grower rears the chickens while the company provides the inputs, harvests, and markets the birds.
What is thinning and gap filling?
Thinning and Gap filling
Thinning is the removal of excess plants leaving healthy seedlings. Gap filling is done to fill the gaps by sowing of seeds or transplanting of seedlings in gap where early sown seed had not germinated. It is a simultaneous process.
What is thinning in cotton?
In agriculture and gardening, thinning is the selective removal of flowers, fruits, shoots, and seedlings or young plants to allow adequate space for the remaining organs/plants to grow efficiently.
Why is thinning done?
Removal of flowers or young fruit (thinning) is done to permit the remaining fruits to grow more rapidly and to prevent development of such a large crop that the plant is unable to flower and set a commercial crop the following year.