Mary Wollstonecraft, John Locke, Voltaire, and Adam Smith, all shared the same concept that every person should formulate and accomplish their own choices when it comes to Government, Economics, Social Rights, and Religion. Mary Wollstonecraft supported and strongly believed in the thought of equality.
What do John Locke and Voltaire have in common?
All four philosophers, John Locke, Mary Wollstonecraft, Voltaire, and Smith, believed in freedom and people’s rights. John believed in freedom, equality, and liberty. Mary believed that women are capable of reaching equality and should be given natural rights. Voltaire believed in freedom and people’s rights.
What was Voltaire’s main idea?
Voltaire believed above all in the efficacy of reason. He believed social progress could be achieved through reason and that no authority—religious or political or otherwise—should be immune to challenge by reason. He emphasized in his work the importance of tolerance, especially religious tolerance.
What does John Locke mean by the state of nature?
In Chapter 2, Locke explains the state of nature as a state of equality in which no one has power over another, and all are free to do as they please. … Each individual in the state of nature has the power to execute natural laws, which are universal.
What did Voltaire believe in the Enlightenment?
Voltaire was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher, who attacked the Catholic Church and advocated freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state.
What does Adam Smiths economic philosophy have in common with John Locke and Voltaire’s ideas about government and religion?
Adam Smith’s economic philosophy believes that people should so as they please and pursue what they want. John Locke and Voltaire also believe that people should do as they wish and be happy with what they do.
What type of government did Voltaire support?
Voltaire essentially believed monarchy to be the key to progress and change. not exist, it would be necessary to invent him”).
What is Voltaire’s famous statement?
“Cherish those who seek the truth but beware of those who find it.” “It is better to risk saving a guilty person than to condemn an innocent one.” “Think for yourself and let others enjoy the privilege of doing so too.” “Faith consists in believing what reason cannot.”
What is the state of nature according to Locke and how does it relate to the laws of nature?
For Locke, in the state of nature all men are free “to order their actions, and dispose of their possessions and persons, as they think fit, within the bounds of the law of nature.” (2nd Tr., §4). “The state of Nature has a law of Nature to govern it”, and that law is reason.
How do Locke and Hobbes describe the state of nature?
Locke views the state of nature more positively and presupposes it to be governed by natural law. … Hobbes emphasises the free and equal condition of man in the state of nature, as he states that ‘nature hath made men so equal in the faculties of mind and body…the difference between man and man is not so considerable.
What did Locke believe?
In political theory, or political philosophy, John Locke refuted the theory of the divine right of kings and argued that all persons are endowed with natural rights to life, liberty, and property and that rulers who fail to protect those rights may be removed by the people, by force if necessary.
Did Voltaire believe in freedom of speech?
He was a major figure in the Enlightenment, a writer, historian and philosopher, renowned for his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech, and the separation of church and state. … He admired Britain’s constitutional monarchy and its greater respect for liberty and free speech.
Why did Voltaire believe in separation of church and state?
Voltaire’s writings criticized this relationship and called for a separation between Church and State. He believed that the need to support human rights far surpassed religious dogma, and that the government’s main duty is to acknowledge and secure the rights of the People.
What does Voltaire criticize in Candide?
Published in 1759, Candide is considered Voltaire’s signature work, and it is here that he levels his sharpest criticism against nobility, philosophy, the church, and cruelty.